Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are used in many applications as actuators. The main drawbacks that limit the use of the SMAs in the field of mechanical actuation are the low mechanical bandwidth (up to a few Hertzs) and the unsatisfactory stroke (several millimeters). This paper contributes to enhancing the performances of SMA actuators by proposing a new SMA helical spring with a hollow section. The hollow spring is modeled, then it is constructed, and finally it is tested in compression to compare its performances with those of a spring with a solid cross section of equal stiffness and strength. Emptied of the inefficient material from its center, the hollow spring features a lower mass (37% less) and an extremely lower cooling time (four times less) than its solid counterpart. These results demonstrate that helical springs with a hollow construction can be successfully exploited to build SMA actuators for higher operating frequencies and improved strokes.
Modeling, Prototyping, and Testing of Helical Shape Memory Compression Springs With Hollow Cross Section
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Spinella, I., Dragoni, E., and Stortiero, F. (May 25, 2010). "Modeling, Prototyping, and Testing of Helical Shape Memory Compression Springs With Hollow Cross Section." ASME. J. Mech. Des. June 2010; 132(6): 061008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001601
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