Abstract

Biomedical robotic systems continue to hold unlimited potential for surgical procedures. Robotized laser endoscopic tools provide surgeons with increased accuracy in the laser ablation of tissue and tumors. The research here catalogs the design and implementation of a new laser endoscopic tool for tissue ablation. A novel feature of this new device is the inclusion of a feedback loop that measures the position of the laser beam via a photo-detector sensor. The scale of this new device was governed by the dimensions of the photo-detector sensor. The tip of the laser's fiber optic cable is controlled by the torque interaction between permanent magnet rings surrounding the fiber optic and the custom designed solenoid coils. Prior to building the physical test-bed the system was modeled and simulated using COMSOL software. In pre-clinical trials, the physical experimental results showed that the designed prototype laser scanner system accurately track different ablation patterns and gives a consistent output position for the laser beam however, the heat diffusion into the tissue around the desired line of the geometric shape would give wider ablation margins than was desirable.

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