Finite element stress analysis has been performed to determine the effects of two O.D. notch configurations in a cylinder subjected to internal pressure, or containing autofrettage residual stress. The effects on the residual stresses were determined by simulating these stresses with equivilent temperature loads. The results show that the deeper of the two notch cofigurations is far more severe resulting in a maximum stress concentration factor of 6.6. The shallower notch has a maximum stress concentration factor of 3.7. An additional result is that by introducing notches in autofrettaged cylinders a significant amount of the residual stresses are relieved which indicates that smaller applied pressures can be applied before yielding occurs. The results also show that the possibility of O.D. initiated fatigue failure is greatly increased.
Stress Analysis of O.D. Notched Thick-Walled Cylinders Subjected to Internal Pressure or Thermal Loads
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Kapp, J. A., and Pflegl, G. A. (February 1, 1981). "Stress Analysis of O.D. Notched Thick-Walled Cylinders Subjected to Internal Pressure or Thermal Loads." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 1981; 103(1): 76–84. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3263373
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