Numerical and experimental investigations were conducted in a transonic centrifugal compressor stage composed of a backswept splittered unshrouded impeller and a vaned diffuser. The characteristic curves of the compressor stage resulting from the unsteady simulations and the experiments show a good agreement over the whole operating range. On the contrary, the total pressure ratio resulting from the steady simulations is clearly overestimated. A detailed analysis of the flow field at design operating point led to identify the physical mechanisms involved in the blade row interaction that underlie the observed shift in performance. Attention was focused on the deformation in shape of the vane bow shock wave due its interaction with the jet and wake flow structure emerging from the impeller. An analytical model is proposed to quantify the time-averaged effects of the associated entropy increase. The model is based on the calculation of the losses across a shock wave at various inlet Mach numbers corresponding to the moving of the jet and wake flow in front of the shock wave. The model was applied to the compressor stage performance calculated with the steady simulations. The resulting curve of the overall pressure ratio as a function of the mass flow is clearly shifted toward the unsteady results. The model, in particular, enhances the prediction of the choked mass flow.
Effect of Unsteadiness on the Performance of a Transonic Centrifugal Compressor Stage
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Trébinjac, I., Kulisa, P., Bulot, N., and Rochuon, N. (July 2, 2009). "Effect of Unsteadiness on the Performance of a Transonic Centrifugal Compressor Stage." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2009; 131(4): 041011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3070575
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